Know what is composting and its benefits

What is composting?

Recycling of waste which can be of any kind – kitchen waste, lawn trimmings, vegetable peels etc., turning them into a valuable resource is known as composting. This resource can be used in gardens and houseplants. The speeding up the process that the materials used to compost by themselves is called decomposition.

Don’t mistake thinking that compost is a soil. There are always some misconception that the end-result of composting is the soil that is found in the ground. It is nothing but a substance which acts as a fertilizer to grow harder and healthier.

Plan your container for composting

Before you attempt composting choose what type of container and style suits your plan, what should not be put in the compost bin and where to keep the bin. However, regardless of these decisions, the conversion of the waste to the compost is still yield the same result. It is nothing but the breakdown of the waste materials when they are digested by fungi and bacteria which are also called microbes.

Benefits of composting

The microbes are the main degraders of the waste materials during composting. They also need air, water and food to do their job and you have to supply them with it in right amounts. You might have found that waste bins left unattended creates a foul odor. It is most likely the bin do not have proper air circulation throughout the waste materials. Without the proper air, the waste will still breakdown but it will be done anaerobically. This anaerobic microbes do not need oxygen and when there are proper air circulation the waste materials will be degraded by aerobic microbes and they require oxygen. This process no foul odor will produced. During this process rotate the material to let in more air or add some substance to create room – woodchips or hay are good examples of such substances.

Composting on the whole is good for the environment and your garden. It reduces the amount of waste you throw away and makes the soil fertile for the plants you grow in.

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