Soil is an essential part of a plant’s life
Soil preparation is not an easy task. For a successful and bountiful harvest the soil has to be properly prepared. In case, if you neglect, it can hinder the cultivation of your demanding plants.
Identifying the soil
Every garden has its own characteristics of soil. If the soil is not ideal to grow some of the vegetables, then either the vegetables has to be amended or the soil has to be prepared properly.
For growing vegetables the soil should neither be too light nor too complicated which means it should have a balance texture and crumbled. The soil should also be permeable and airy. This does not mean that the soil shouldn’t retain water. Retaining capacity should also be there.
A soil rich in organic matter are more or less fertile. So it is ideal to use such kind of soil which is not too light, sandy or heavy clay. Having this kind of soil will be lucky for some but not for all the case. In order to get such type of soil you need to prepare it with caution.
Improving soil structure
To improve soil structure you have to add lots of organic matter and anyone can do this. Just add compost, well rotten manure, humus, leaf mold or any other organic matter to the soil and you are done.
Compacted soil have a large proportion of clay and this must be loosen to improve the air flow. For this you may require to add coarse sand to a clay soil – this will lighten it. This is not the case in heavy clay-rich soil. In this type of soil adding cow dung (manure) in excess will improve its texture.
For a sandy soil, it is easy, just add organic matter to it thereby it retain moisture. This type of soil will constantly supply nutrients to the plants.
Best time to prepare soil for vegetable garden
It is always advisable to prepare soil for vegetable garden during spring when the soils can be used immediately and is not frozen even though you can prepare it anytime. However, clay rich soils are usually prepared during autumn (fall). For this, dig the site for about 12-15 inches deep and add manure in it.
Make sure you don’t level the soil. If you do, during rain, it will get frozen and hard. Instead leaving exposed to rain will provide a desirable crumbled soil thereby improving its texture.